Biodiversity Indicators

Biodiversity indicators use quantitative data to measure aspects of biodiversity, ecosystem condition, services, and drivers of change, to help understand how biodiversity is changing over time and space, why it is changing, and what the consequences of the changes are for ecosystems, their services, and human well-being. They form an essential part of monitoring, assessment, and decision-making, and can often be integrated, to give a rounded view of the status of biodiversity, ecosystems services or regions. They are designed to communicate information quickly and simply to policy- and decision-makers.

Indicators are being developed and implemented to meet the needs of diverse user groups. In some areas new sets of indicators are needed, particularly to represent the wider social aspects of biodiversity. The Ecosystem Assessment Programme is leading the development of several of these indicators and contributing to a range of indicator initiatives, as outlined below.

In This Section

Biodiversity Indicators Partnership

Biodiversity Indicators Partnership

The Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP) is a global initiative, established to provide the best available information on biodiversity trends. UNEP-WCMC is host to the Secretariat of this Partnership, which brings together over 40 international organizations....

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Ramsar Convention Indicators of Effectiveness

Ramsar Convention Indicators of Effectiveness

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands uses a set of ecological outcome-oriented indicators for assessing the effectiveness of selected aspects of the Convention’s implementation. UNEP-WCMC has been working on a range of issues in support of the Ramsar indicator process...

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BIP Forest Certification Indicator

BIP Forest Certification Indicator

Sustainable forestry and forest conservation have often been viewed as being incompatible as they are trying to achieve different objectives. The forest certification indicator, utilizes data on forest certification schemes to provide a global measure of forest area managed sustainably in respect to biodiversity....

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BIP Sustainable Use Indicators

BIP Sustainable Use Indicators

Through collaboration with a variety of Partners, UNEP-WCMC has worked to two produce indicators which monitor the sustainable use of biodiversity. These indicators are identified and used by the CBD for reporting on global biodiversity trends....

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Health and Wellbeing Indicators

Health and Wellbeing Indicators

All humans rely on the provisioning, regulating, cultural, and supporting services of ecosystems for survival and well-being. While rich urban-dwellers also rely on local ecosystems for their survival, the rural poor are likely to bear the greatest burden of ecosystem degradation whilst having the least ability to cope with changes by obtaining goods and services from further afield...

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Global Biodiversity Outlook-3

Global Biodiversity Outlook-3

UNEP-WCMC provided significant support in the development of the 3rd edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO-3). This support included working closely with the Biodiversity Indicators Partnership to provide global trend information for the 'Biodiversity in 2010' chapter....

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